Race and racism at U-M is Inclusive History Project’s initial focus


The University of Michigan is set to begin a multifaceted, years-long project to study, document and better understand the university’s history with respect to diversity, equity and inclusion — with the history of race and racism at U-M as its first major focus.

President Mary Sue Coleman said the project will be designed to engage the present and future U-M communities in a way that brings forth tangible and thought-provoking discussions, ideas and actions.   

“As our country undergoes a long-overdue reckoning about race and the treatment of African Americans and people of color, it is critical for the university to also hold up a mirror to itself. Our history is remarkable yet also flawed,” Coleman said.

“With the Inclusive History Project, we pledge to develop a more truthful and inclusive narrative about our institution’s past. Only then can we move forward as a genuinely equitable community that acknowledges and celebrates all its members.”

The project is, in part, an outgrowth of the university’s 2017 bicentennial commemoration and other efforts that have previously explored elements of the university’s past. These include the Stumbling Blocks exhibit in the Presidential Bicentennial Colloquia Series, the Bentley Historical Library’s effort to create a census of all African American students to 1970, and the process for reviewing historical names on buildings in response to community requests.

Two leading university scholars will chair the first phase of the project: Elizabeth Cole, professor of women’s and gender studies, psychology, and Afroamerican and African studies; and Earl Lewis, the Thomas C. Holt Distinguished University Professor of History, Afroamerican and African Studies and Public Policy. They will co-chair the project’s framing and design committee.

This committee will be responsible for determining — in close partnership with the Bentley Historical Library — the necessary historical and benchmarking analyses to map the scope and next steps of the project. That will include charting a process for robust and broad community outreach and engagement. The group will include current and former U-M faculty members and other experts, and is expected to be announced in the fall.

“Deep engagement with our internal and extended external communities, such as the African American community in Detroit, Native American tribes in Michigan and multiple generations of alumni and staff families, is fundamental to a fuller understanding of our past and the contemporary effects of our history,” said Lewis, who also leads the university’s Center for Social Solutions.

“As the university celebrated its first 200 years — while still president of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation — I invited the institution’s leadership to fully embrace its past as it charted pathways to a shared future. This project is the next step in that process.”

Cole said the stories U-M tells about its history are an important part of its institutional identity.

“As U-M embarks on the second phase of our diversity, equity and inclusion strategic plan, it’s more important than ever that these stories reflect a full and accurate understanding of the events and the people — all of the people — who brought us to the present moment,” she said.

The co-chairs said the range of possible outcomes of the project include: 

  • The development of new scholarship, research and courses.
  • New expressions of a more inclusive and accurate institutional narrative, such as exhibits, campus tours, websites, updated ceremonies and other forms of institutional storytelling.
  • New and revitalized community relationships and partnerships.
  • Changes in the university’s institutional landscape and physical environments, such as new kinds of monuments and public art.
  • New and revised building and space names.
  • New institutional programs and policies that address the contemporary effects of historical and systemic racism and other forms of discrimination and exclusion on the U-M community, including but not limited to actions as permitted by law in areas such as admissions, financial aid, and faculty and staff hiring, promotion and compensation.
  • Other tangible ideas that may emerge from a thoughtful and engaged process.

The university will hire a senior project manager to provide administrative coordination and leadership for the project.

The university was established in 1817 in Detroit as the University of Michigania. That same year, the Treaty of Fort Meigs forced the surrender of Native American land for use by the university, including a pledge to educate tribe members’ children.

The university moved to Ann Arbor in 1837. It was an all-white-male institution until the first African American student was admitted in 1853, and the first woman was admitted in 1870.

The Inclusive History Project is part of the university’s ongoing commitment to DEI and anti-racism. While the project will set out to uncover a more inclusive and accurate institutional narrative, the university’s present and future DEI and anti-racism initiatives — designed to make U-M and society more inclusive and equitable — will continue.

“For years, the University of Michigan has been engaged in efforts to help us become more diverse, equitable and inclusive,” said Robert Sellers, vice provost for equity and inclusion, chief diversity officer and professor of education and psychology.

“Having a more inclusive understanding of our history is foundational to building a more inclusive present and future for the university. Thus, it is appropriate that the Inclusive History Project and DEI 2.0 will occur in tandem with each other.”

U-M joins a number of other institutions, including Brown, Emory, Georgetown, Harvard and Johns Hopkins universities, as institutions working to lead their campus communities toward a more universally shared understanding of their historical past.

Cole and Lewis plan to convene a meeting, likely in the spring of 2023, of institutions across the country that are engaged in this work.



  1. Paul Kileny
    on June 8, 2022 at 9:46 am

    A very worthwhile , timely project. I urge you to include in your account the University’s official Jewish quota ( Arthur Miller managed to be admitted within that), that persisted I believe into the 1940’ s and maybe beyond. Also, there were unwritten restrictions on Jews regarding department chair positions, at least in the Medical School, into the 1960’s.
    Unfortunately, discrimination against Jews at UM, is often ignored in such discussions.

  2. Daniel Burns
    on June 8, 2022 at 1:20 pm

    I hope the phrase “the history of race and racism at U-M as its first major focus” indicates that the project will be open eventually to considering the case of UM’s relationship with Jews, as suggested by Paul Kileny, as well as the vexed history of our relations with the Native Americans of Michigan. Good luck to the committee in its efforts on this long overdue reckoning.

  3. Jonathan Greenberg
    on July 6, 2022 at 11:57 am

    I have no doubt this committee will do a fine job addressing institutional bias towards Women and African Americans. As noted in previous comments, there were official quota’s on Jews as students and faculty.

    As recently as the 1990’s I was told which IT managers wouldn’t hire Jews at Michigan Medicine. It was matter of fact, just how it was.

  4. Ted Tanase
    on July 6, 2022 at 2:28 pm

    As you look to ensure “Equity”, please make sure “Equity” means Equal Opportunity (not equal outcomes). If all have equal opportunity then the outcomes will be what they should be.

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