University of Michigan
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May 23, 2017

U-M defines principles, process for building renaming requests

January 23, 2017

U-M defines principles, process for building renaming requests

As the University of Michigan begins a yearlong celebration of its bicentennial, it also has concluded a thoughtful, yearlong review of how it would handle requests to reconsider the historical names of buildings on the Ann Arbor campus.

Students and others on a number of college campuses nationally have, in recent years, questioned the practice of naming buildings after those whose actions or views, in their own times, supported slavery or discrimination. 

Should a member of the university community advocate for a building name to be reconsidered, the university now has a process for researching and considering such a request.

President Mark Schlissel has accepted recommendations from the President's Advisory Committee on University History that outline the way in which such a request would be considered against a set of guiding principles.

"I deeply appreciate the thoughtful and deliberate way in which the advisory committee approached this work," Schlissel says. "It is immensely important to me, and to the entire university community, that we take a scholarly approach to any review of historical building names and put that review in the appropriate context."

The advisory committee, chaired by Bentley Historical Library Director Terry McDonald, developed the recommendations after being asked by the president to consider how the university should approach such requests.

"The university has a long history of drawing broadly upon the many intellectual resources to consider complex issues from different perspectives, and that's what our committee set out to do during this review," says McDonald, a professor of history and former LSA dean.

A committee advising the president on historical issues has existed since the establishment of the University Committee on History and Traditions by President James J. Duderstadt in 1991. The committee was renamed and its current members appointed by President Mary Sue Coleman.

McDonald says the committee defined a set of principles — not a checklist — that will guide the committee in evaluating any proposal to reconsider a building name.

"We do not believe that historical questions about the names of buildings or spaces can be answered by means of a checklist. Indeed, given the nature of our institution and its history, such questions bring into play principles that already exist — sometimes in tension — with the university," McDonald writes in the committee's final report to the president, which articulated these principles:

• The principle of pedagogy: As an institution of learning, U-M's naming process and outcome should always be an opportunity for learning — learning about the past, about path-breaking contributions by the faculty, about the distinguished lives of alumni, about extraordinary acts of generosity or important contributions to administrative leadership.

• The principle of interpretation: When a name is selected for a building or portion of a building, the obligation to explain and interpret that name does not end at the conclusion of the naming ceremony. Indeed, it is not only good stewardship on behalf of those after whom spaces are named, but also an affirmative obligation of the pedagogical principle to continuously interpret — and if necessary reinterpret — the names and the stories behind the names of university facilities. … In some cases, changing a name may be less important than providing adequate interpretation of it.

• The principle of due diligence: In approaching a naming decision, the university owes it to itself and to succeeding generations to do substantial research into the name, and that this research should be focused on the public record.

• The principle of commitment: In general, the university community makes a significant commitment to an individual or a family when it names a space after a person. This applies both to spaces named for donors and for others. In some cases involving donors, this naming is regulated by a binding legal agreement.

• The principle of revision: The exciting and important thing about the study of history is that both the materials for and the understanding of the past are constantly changing. At a research university, historical scholars must lead the way in producing these new historical discoveries and interpretations. If these new understandings, from time to time, produce controversy over space names, that is not an unnatural thing.

• The principle of historical and institutional context: It is easy to blame those in the past for lacking the knowledge, wisdom and values that we seem to possess. … An institution of knowledge must leave room for an essential truth: The search for new knowledge through research is messy.

• The principle of consistency: There have been more than 16,000 faculty members in the history of the university; many more staff members, 14 presidents. Why some are honored with space names and others are not is a major question about our past. … Space names also tend to reflect the early composition of the university: an all-male student body until 1870 and an overwhelmingly male faculty until the mid-20th century.

• The principle of contemporary effect: Honorifics given at one time can have significantly different effects on community members at another and these, too, are worthy of consideration.

The committee noted the list of principles is not exhaustive; other principles may be proposed or discovered in the future.

The process outlined by the committee, and accepted by the president, establishes an intentionally "heavy burden" on those who wish to change a formally designated name of a building or other space.

All discussions regarding a proposal also must take into account a legal analysis and the stipulations in the university's "Policy for naming facilities, space and streets," adopted by the Board of Regents in 2008. This policy outlines four ways in which a building or space may be named:

• To honor individuals by recognizing exceptional contributions shaping the university.

• To commemorate university history and traditions.

• To honor long-term and significant financial contributions to the university.

• To honor financial contributions to support the structure being named.

The new process will allow any member of the university community to submit a request to the Office of the President to review the name of an officially named space.

The president may refer the proposal to the President's Advisory Committee on University History to determine whether a review should proceed and make recommendations for how that review should occur.

The president would decide whether to proceed and in what manner. Ultimately, building naming decisions — including changes — rest with the elected Board of Regents.

Comments

Jens Zorn
on 1/23/17 at 3:57 am

Given its new purpose as well as the extensive changes in its exterior and interior, , it is understandable that the name of the high-rise portion of the Dennison Building is being changed to Weiser Hall in recognition of the donor. However, physics will still have a large presence in the distinct, low-rise portion where architectural changes are less. Early discussions of the name change had indicated that the Dennison name might be kept on that portion of the building. David Dennison, the discoverer of proton spin and the father of microwave spectroscopy, spent his entire professorial career at Michigan. He was central to the famous Michigan Summer School in Theoretical physics; a bit later he chaired the physics department for ten years. He was a legendary teacher and a wonderful mentor to young faculty. I strongly urge that the low-rise portion of the building continue to carry the Dennison name.

Charles Doering
on 1/23/17 at 6:22 am

I second Professor Jens Zorn's motion!

Dianna Woods
on 1/23/17 at 7:59 am

One of the things that continues to puzzle me about the University is that we have the name of a convicted criminal (look it up) on so many buildings. Does the Principle of Commitment prevent the University from giving back A. Alfred Taubman's millions, or is it that they just prefer not to?

L H
on 1/24/17 at 4:04 pm

I did look it up and it's hardly that straightforward. Yes, he was convicted of price-fixing in auction houses (not even his main focus of malls), but was implicated based on a plea bargain with the person actually directly involved in the price-fixing scheme, so that the latter can avoid prison. The man also donated considerable sums to fund disease research. I'm not saying he was some kind of saint, but if medical research only accepted money from saints, the field wouldn't get very far. I question the assumption that one prison conviction wipes out any good the person might have otherwise done. (It's not like he was convicted of mass murder.) I do agree that the university should consider the implications of various building names, but there are definitely worse people with buildings named after them than Taubman.

Lauren Stuart
on 1/23/17 at 8:31 am

What named buildings are in question?

Alfred Newman
on 1/23/17 at 9:24 am

As an atheist, I object to Angell Hall.

Rina Driver
on 1/23/17 at 10:41 am

Is there really nothing else to worry about?

Austin Ross
on 1/23/17 at 3:31 pm

In all cases, "changing a name may be less important than providing adequate interpretation of it." Selectively deleting that which makes us, at the present, feel uncomfortably only lessons the search for truth, not adds to it. That an institution as old and multifaceted as Michigan has some ugly spots in its history should be brought to light and critically evaluated, not wiped clean from our collective memory with the empty gesture of changing a name on a building.

Furthermore, retrospectively criticizing historical figures based on our contemporary morals and values, and not those of their own time, is an exercise in self-aggrandizement, not history.

John Carson
on 1/23/17 at 8:49 pm

I have to disagree. Building names are not sacrosanct. UM has shown itself more than willing to change a building name if enough money is involved (see the post on Dennison); it should also be willing to do it on principle. C.C. Little, for example, honors someone who was not only a prominent advocate of eugenics, but later in his life a shill for the tobacco companies, arguing against the harmful effects of cigarette smoking. Having his name on a science building is an abomination, I would argue, an affront not only to the many students on campus who would not be here if he had had his way, but to the precepts of good, responsible science.

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